TRAJECTORIES, TYPOLOGY AND IMPLICATIONS OF KIDNAPPING IN NIGERIA.

Muhammad Ribadu Ayuba

Abstract


Kidnapping is one of the major security challenges facing Nigerians in recent time. Though it is not entirely a new phenomenon, yet, like a wild fire, it has continued to grow and assume horrendous dimensions. Some decades ago, kidnapping in Nigeria used to be regarded as a thing peculiar to some specific parts of the country, particularly the Niger Delta region which made news headlines due to the activities of the militants. However, today hardly there is a part of the country that is not faced with the threat of kidnapping thereby making it one of the most pervasive organised crimes in Nigeria. This is evident in series of kidnapping cases being reported which transcend social and spatial barriers across the country. Thus, relying on secondary sources of data, this study interrogated the existing literature to examine the trajectories, typology and implications of kidnapping on national development. The Queer Ladder Theory was adopted as theoretical framework for the study. Findings in the literature indicated harsh socioeconomic conditions occasioned by poor governance which breeds frustration, depression and aggression as some of the drivers of kidnapping. Based on the findings of the study, therefore, the study recommended creation of jobs by the three tiers of government, particularly at local government level which is closer to the people as a panacea to the menace of kidnapping in Nigeria.  

Keywords


Kidnapping, Trajectory, Typology, Queer Ladder Theory, Nigeria.

Full Text:

PDF

References


Adebayo, B. (2018). ‘Two Americans and two Canadians kidnapped at gunpoint in Nigeria’

Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com/africa Accessed on 23/4/2020

Akingboye, O. (2017). Four Herdsmen Arrested for Kidnapping Kinsmen's wife, son. The Gaurdian. Accessed on (21/2/2019)

Arewa, J. A. (2013). Core National Values as Determinant of National Security and Panacea

for the Crime ofKidnapping and Abduction in Nigeria. Nigerian Institute of Advanced Legal Studies, Lagos, Nigeria.

Ayuba, M.R. (2020). Kidnap for Ransom: Exploring the catalysts in Kaduna, Kaduna State, Nigeria, Zaria Sociological Journal. Published by the Department of Sociology, Ahmadu Bello University Zaria 6(1)

Bello, B. (2019). Residents worried as Daura district head spends 53 days in kidnappers’ den

The Vanguard Retrieved from www.vanguardngr.com Accessed on 23/4/2020

Busari, S. (2018). UNICEF: Boko Haram has kidnapped more than 1000 Children in Nigeria. CNN. Retrieved on (02/03/2019)

Chidi, N. J. (2014). Kidnapping in Nigeria: An emerging social crime and the implications

for the labour market, International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 4 (1) 133-145.

Chidi I.L., Rose, U. Uche, A. (2015). Stemming the Incidence of Kidnapping in the Nigerian

Society: Journal of Culture and Social Development 12(1): 28-47.

CNN Library, (2018). “Boko Haram Fast Facts” Retrieved from https://www.cnn.com

Accessed on 23/4/2020

Constellis, (2017). Kidnap for ransom risk top 10 countries. Retrieved from www.constellis.com Accessed on (04/06/2020)

Ezeibe, C.C. and Eze, M.O. (2012). “Political economy of kidnapping in Nigeria – The South East Experience”.Journal of Liberal Studies, 15 (1)

Godwin, A.C. (2019). Fulani Herdsmen Strike Again in Benue, Kidnap Four Policemen Retrieved from: Daily Post, Accessed on (02/01/2020)

Gyamfi, C.C., Ogugbuaja, C., and Nzeagwu, U. (2019). Boy kidnaps, drugs five-year old to

death in Kano The Guardian Retrieved from www.guardian.ng Accessed on 23/4/2020

Ibrahim, B. and Mukhtar, J.I. (2017). An Analysis of the Causes and Consequences of

Kidnapping in Nigeria An International Multi-Disciplinary Journal, Bahir Dar, Ethiopia AFRREV 11 (4), S/NO 48 DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.4314/afrrev.v11i4.11

Inyang, J. D. and Ubong, E.A. (2013). The Social Problem of Kidnapping and its

Implications on the Socio-Economic Development of Nigeria: A Study of Uyo Metropolis, Mediterranean Journal of Social Sciences, Published by MCSER-CEMAS Sapienza University of Rome, Vol.4, No.6.

Johnson, A. (2018). Fulani Herdsmen have made over N100m from Edo Abductions. Retrieved from Pulse.ng. Accessed on (02/02/2019)

Laessing, U. (2018). Two German archaeologists kidnapped in Nigeria have been freed:

police Reuters Retrieved from www.reuters.com Accessed on 20/4/2020

Matthew, O. (2019). Kidnapped DPO regains freedom after paying N3m ransom The Punch

Retrieved from www.punchng.com Accessed on 23/4/2020

Mohamed, M.K.N (2008). Kidnap for Ransom in South East Asia: The Case for a Regional Recording Standard. Asian Criminology, (3), 61-73.

Mutum, R. (2016). Five recent high profile kidnappings in Nigeria, Abuja: Daily Trust

Newspaper

Ogbuehi, V. N., (2018).Kidnapping in Nigeria: The Way Forward Journal of Criminology

and Forensic Studies Volume 1; Issue 3

Odoma, S.U., and Akor, L.Y. (2019). Kiddnapping: A lucrative crime in 21st century Nigeria.

Global Journal of Human Social Science (c) XIX(III), Accessed on 23 March 2020

Ogabido, G. O. (2009). Kidnapping: New Brand of Terrorism. Saturday Sun. p. 7.

Ojo, O. (2017). Fulani herdsmen kidnap housewife, rape her for three days Retrieved from

www.sunnewsonline.com Accessed on 22/4/2020

Okoli, A. C. and Agada, F. T. (2014). Kidnapping andnational security in Nigeria, Research

on Humanitiesand Social Sciences, Vol. 4(6), 137-146.

Oladeinde, A. (2017: February 21). “State of the nation”, being a Television Programme transmitted by Channels Television, Lagos.

Onovo, O. (2010). Security challenge in South-east and South-south, being text of a speech delivered during the South-East and South-South Security Summit organized by the National Association of Chambers of Commerce, Industry, Mines and Agriculture (NACCIMA) in Enugu.

Overseas Security Advisory Council (2019). Kidnapping: The basics. Bureau of diplomatic security. Retrieved from: https://oig.state.gov @osacstate. Accessed on (06/06/20)

Ottuh, P. O. O. and Aituf, V. O. (2014). Kidnapping and moral society: An ethnic-religious

evaluation of the Nigerian experience. European Scientific Journal, 10 (14): 420-434.

Pharaoh, R. (2005). An Unknown Quantity: Kidnapping for Ransom in South Africa. http://www.iss.co.za/pubs/crimeQ/No.14/pharaoh.pdf, (Retrieved on 20/02/2014).

Tauna, A. (2019). Assistant Commissioner of Police, Musa Rabo rescued from kidnappers

Daily Post Retrieved from www.dailypost.ng Accessed on 22/4/2020

Thom-Otuya, B.E.N. (2010). Kidnapping: A Challenge to Nigeria Security System

International Journal of Social Sciences, 2(8), Pp. 107-116

Turner, M. (1998). Kidnapping and Politics. International Journal of the Sociology of Law,

: 145-160.

Tzanelli, R. (2009). Capitalising on value: Towards a sociological understanding of

kidnapping.Sociology 40(5). pp. 929-947.DOI: 10.1177/0038038506067516

United Nations Office for Drugs Control (2003). International Cooperation in the Prevention, Combating and Elimination of Kidnapping and Providing Assistance to the Victims. http://www.unodc.org/pdf/crime/commissions/12_commission/7e.pdf, (Retrieved on 11/06/2018).

Universal Safety and Security Solutions (2016). Six common kidnap and ransom scenarios Retrieved from file:///6%20Common%20Kidnap%20and%20Ransom%20Scenarios%20- %20Houston%20Security%20Agency,%20Protection%20Services,%20Security%20 Consulting,%20Investigation,%20Security%20Training.html Accessed on (04/06/20)

Yang, Shu-Lung B.W, Huang, S. (2007). Kidnapping in Taiwan: The Significance of Geographic Proximity, Improvisation and Fluidity. International Journal of Offender Therapy and Comparative Criminology, (51), 324-339 (Retrieved 23/06/2018)

Zannoni, I. E. (2003). Understanding and managing the threat of kidnapping. Retrieved

from:http://securitysa.com/article.asp?pklArticleID=2443&pklIssueID=333&pklCategoryID=8 8.


Refbacks

  • There are currently no refbacks.


Copyright (c) 2020 Muhammad Ribadu Ayuba

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127

 

 

   

 

Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.