John O. Asogwa (PhD)


Political system performs a number of functions in a political entity. Among these functions is that of representation. In modern liberal democratic theory, the electorate votes for people to represent them. Most times the platform for election is provided by political system. Nigeria started experimenting with representative democracy in 1922. A population of 771,317 made up the population of this, using a statistical tool called Taro Yamani, sample size was determined which is 400. Simple random sampling technique was used to determine our sample population. Questionnaire was the instrument used for the research and 329 copies of questionnaire were returned. The researcher formulated specific research questions and hypotheses to guide the study. Data collected were analyzed using simple percentages and frequencies for the research questions and chi-square for the hypotheses. The research recommended that centre should maintain rule of law as top priority of any elected leader in Nigeria from the federal to the local government level and should establish collective effort in decision making in which every part is duly represented; mutually beneficial decisions are made; only these can bring positive impact on Nigeria political system.


Politics, Godfatherism, Political Parties, Democracy, Elections.

Full Text:



Adedibu, L.(2009),I dominate the Politics of Oyo, ’Tell Magazine,September17

Agbaje, A. (1998), Parties of the Electoral Process in a Democracy in J.A Ayoade, (ed.) Democracy: Its Meaning and Value, Ibadan: Vantage Publishers.

Agbaje, A. (1999) “Political Parties and Pressure Groups”, in R. Anifowose, and F.Enemuo, (eds.) Elements of Politics, Lagos: Malthouse Press Ltd,191-209.

Aina, A.D. (2002), Party Politics in Nigeria under Obasanjo Administration, Monograph Series No. 1, Department of Political Science and Sociology, Babcock University,Nigeria

Akintunde, K. (2010) Those in the 2011 Presidential Race, Newswatch, May 31, 12 – 19.

Anas, A.A. (2010) Interview: It‟s Okay For Jonathan to Run, The News, June 14, 21.

Anifowose, R. (2003) Theoretical perspectives on Elections in R. Anifowose, and T. Electoral Fraud, Legitimacy crisis and the Government of National Unity (GNU) Option Babawale (eds.) 2003 General Elections and Democratic Consolidation in Nigeria, Lagos: Friedrich Ebert Stiftung, 20 – 45

Egwemi, V. (2007) The People Democratic Party (PDP) and the Emergence of a Dominant Party System in Nigeria NASHER Journal 5(2), 90 – 97.

Egwemi, V. (2007) The Effects of Godfatherism on Nigerian Politics: The Case Anambra State, 1999 – 2007 African Journal of Economy and Society 7(2), 105 – 113.

Egwemi, V. (2008): Focus on the 2007 General Elections in Nigeria, in S.M. Omodia (ed.) Managing Elections in Nigeria Vol. 1 Keffi: Onaivi Printing and Publishing Company Ltd, 145 – 167.

Egwemi, V. (2009) From three to fifty: Some comments on the paradox of increasing Number and Diminishing relevance of political parties under Obasanjos Administration, 1999 -2007 International Journal of Social Science ,1 (2), 33 – 40.

Egwemi, V. (2009) Godfatherism as a threat to law and order in Nigeria: The case of Oyo State, Kogi State University Bi-Annual Journal of Public Law Vol. 2, 156-165.

Ereton, B. (2009) Defection: Bane to Virile Oposition Party, Financial Student February 16, 61.

Ibrahim, J. and Egwu, S. (2005a) Nigeria’s Electoral Geography and the path to free and fair Elections, Abuja: Electoral Reform Network.

Ibrahim, J. and Egwu, S. (eds.) (2005b) Nigeria Elections 2007: Defending the Peoples Mandate Abuja: Global Rights.

Joseph, R.A. (1991) Democracy and Prebendal Politics in Nigeria: The Rise and Fall of the Second Republic, Ibadan: Spectrum Books Limited.

Kawu, I.M. (2009) The pitfalls of opposition politics, Daily Trust April 2, 56

Musa, D. (2010) Interview: Since Obasnjo Deliberately impose Sick Yar‟Adua And unknown Jonathan on the North ,PDP Must Respect Sunday Sun June 5, 51.

NUD (2007) Mirror of a Fraudulent Election, Nigeria: Nigerians United for Democracy.

Oguntola, S. (2010)PDPs double speak on zoning The Nation, Sunday June 13, 63.

Ojo, E.O (2007) Elections:An Exploration of theoretical postulations, African Elections, 6(2), 4-13.

Okpara, P. (2010) Interview:Political Parties should discard zoning: it affects merit Sunday Trust, May 30, 13.

Olaosebikan, O. (2010) Odds Against the President, The News, June 14, 18 – 23.

Olarinmoye, O.O (2008), Godfathers, Political Parties and Electoral Corruption in Nigeria, African Journal of Political Science and International Relations 2(4), 67 – 73.

Omotola, J.S (2006) “No Democracy, No Development or Vice Versa,” in H.A. Saliu, J.F. Olorunfemi, U. Lateef, and S.B. Oludoyi, (eds.) Democracy and Development in Nigeria (Volume 1): Conceptual Issues and Democratic Practice, Lagos: Concept Publications Limited.

Omodia, S.M. (2007) Politics and Political Development in Nasarawa State Nigeria: A Focus on the Nigerian Fourth Republic, Journal of Social and Development Studies, 1(1):40- 46.

Omodia, S.M (2009) Elections and Democratic Survival in the Fourth Republic of (Nigeria) The Journal of Pan African Studies, 3(3), 35 – 42 Omodia, S.M.(2010), Elite Recruitment and Political Stability in the Nigerian Fourth Republic, Journal of Social Sciences, 24(2):129-133..

Schumpeter, J.A. (1961) Capitalism, Socialism and Democracy, London: Harper.

Shobayo, I. (2010) PDP and the Burden of Zoning, Nigerian Tribune 26 May, 39. Odo, M.O. (1992) Guide to proposal writing in Social Science and Behavioural Science. Enugu: SNAPP Press.


  • There are currently no refbacks.

Copyright (c) 2020 John O. Asogwa (PhD)










ISSN (PRINT):    2682 - 6135

ISSN (ONLINE): 2682 - 6127





Creative Commons License
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License.