Alhaji Thomas (PhD)


Forced Labour and Trafficking in Persons (TIPs), also known as human trafficking, are some global problems confronting both developed and developing societies. Trafficking in Persons especially children and women has been existing for centuries and taking different forms and dimensions involving plethora of stakeholders and institutions (UNESCO, 2006). This study which is on forced labour and human trafficking shows some common behavioural practices associated with human trafficking such as: begging, commercial sex, domestic services, bar and restaurant services, hawking, baby reproduction and ritual money. Human traffickers often seek consent of parents of the victims to transport them while others hide under the guise of offering employment to potential victims or settling them after their period of service in order to lure victims into human trafficking ring within and outside the country. Other practices involve baby reproduction and sale by hospitals and orphanage homes. Often voodoo is used to subject the victims under their perpetual control. The study discovered that factors responsible for human trafficking in the study area included economic motivation, poverty, search for employment and lack of knowledge on human trafficking. These precipitating factors seem to be more or less structural in nature and falls within the Marxist analysis of the causes of human trafficking. The study therefore recommends for carefully planned and well implemented poverty eradication programmes for vulnerable group, creation of employment opportunities both for educated and uneducated youth, regular monitoring of health and orphanage institutions to follow up babies giving up for adoption and creation of awareness on human trafficking on the different methods used by traffickers to lure people to the business and how to avoid being a victim.



Exploration, Guidance and Counselling, Forced Labour, Human Trafficking, Nigeria

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